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Mexico Facts

Area: 1,958,200 sq km
Population: 101,000,000
Official Name: Estados Unidos Méxicanos
Capital City: Mexico City (337,000)
People: Mexican
Official Language: Spanish
Languages Spoken: Spanish, Latin American Spanish, 62 indigenous languages, and English
Government: Federal Republic
Religion: 90% Roman Catholic, 6% Protestant, 4% other
Independence: 16 September 1810 (From Spain)
National Holidays:

  • Mexican Independence Day, September 16: the day that Miguel Hidalgo delivered El Grito de Dolores, and announced the Mexican revolt against Spanish rule.
  • Flag Day, February 24: honouring the Mexican Flag
  • Primero de Mayo: May 1: equivalent to the U.S. Labor Day
  • Cinco de Mayo: May 5: honoring the Mexican victory over the French army at Puebla de los Angeles in 1862.

Official Currency: Mexican Peso (MXN)
Land Area: 1,958,200 sq km
Latitude/Longitude: 19.2ºN, 99.1ºW
Highest Point: Volcan Pico de Orizaba 5,700 M
Bordering Body of Water: Lies between the Pacific Ocean and Gulf of Mexico
Time Zone: GMT/UTC
Electricity: 127V 60Hz
Country Dialing Code: 52
Major Industries: Food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism

Term Image Definition
National Flag Consists of three vertical bands
Coat of Arms Land of the Eagle and the Snake
Nashional Flower Dahlia
(Dahlia spp.)
National Bird Crested Caracara
(Caracara plancus)
National Sport Soccer
National Tree The cypress, known in Spanish as ahuehuete
(Taxodium mucronatum)

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